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London Wall

The City Corporation's Archaeology and Development Guidance SPD (2MB) deals with all stages of the planning process, including pre-application advice, archaeological assessment, archaeological evaluation, investigation, mitigation and recording, post excavation assessment, publication and archiving.

Some ancient monuments have statutory protection and are scheduled. Scheduled monument consent is required for any work which may affect an ancient monument.

For much of the City’s history, surviving archaeological remains are the only source of information about the City's past inhabitants and their lives. They make a significant contribution to the richness and wealth of the City's historic townscape. They are important evidence of the City's long role as a commercial trading centre and port, holding information about past land uses, society and social and economic change. Archaeological remains and monuments have intrinsic value as well as contributing to a wider understanding of the City, its hinterland and social and trading connections.

The development of the City through the Roman, Saxon and medieval periods to the present day is contained in visible monuments as well as buried structures and remains surviving below building basements, streets and open spaces. The almost continuous occupation of the City from the early 1st century AD has led to the buildup and development of a complex and deep archaeological layer. Notable structures such as the Roman and medieval City wall are important townscape features and the route of the wall can be traced around the modern City streets.

The London Archaeological Archive and Research Centre (LAARC) holds artefacts, records and drawings from archaeological excavations in the City and London.

Go to Historic England for more information about heritage assets in the City of London. ​​

18 October 2013
Last Modified:
16 May 2019