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London Wall

The City Corporation's Archaeology and Development Guidance SPD (2MB) deals with all stages of the planning process, including pre-application advice, archaeological assessment, archaeological evaluation, investigation, mitigation and recording, post excavation assessment, publication and archiving.

Some ancient monuments have statutory protection and are scheduled. Scheduled monument consent is required for any work which may affect an ancient monument.

The almost continuous occupation of the City through the Roman, Saxon and medieval periods to the present day has led to the build-up of a complex and deep archaeological layer surviving below building basements, streets and open spaces as well as visible monuments such as the Roman and medieval City wall.

For much of the City’s history, surviving archaeological remains are the only source of information about the City's past inhabitants and their lives. They are important evidence of the City's long role as a commercial trading centre and port, revealing information about past land uses, society and social and economic change and make a significant contribution to the richness and wealth of the City's historic townscape.

The London Archaeological Archive and Research Centre (LAARC) holds artefacts, records and drawings from archaeological excavations in the City and London.

Go to Historic England for more information about Scheduled Ancient Monuments. ​​

18 October 2013
Last Modified:
06 August 2019