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Climate resilient City

Extreme weather events such as flash flooding, drought and heat waves are set to become more frequent due to climate change. The City needs to develop resilience if it is to remain a pleasant place to live, work and visit.

Call for evidence

Is your building or landscaping resilient to climate change? What have you done to prevent flooding or overheating? Please email the Sustainability team and tell us about it.

Our adaptation strategy

In 2007 the City of London Corporation adopted the world's first climate change adaptation strategy and in 2010 we reviewed our progress in implementing its recommendation:

Rising to the Challenge 2010 review (1MB)

We used the adaptation strategy to guide our response to the risk of flooding, including our innovative work on green roofs.

City flood risk map


The City is at relatively low risk of flooding, however there are areas which are vulnerable to flash flooding from intense rainfall which could happen at any time. There is also a longer term need to increase the height of the flood defence walls on the Thames riverside to protect the area from the impacts of rising sea levels. For more information see the City's Flood Risk pages.

Open spaces at St Paul's


The City is in an area of serious water stress, making it vulnerable to periods of drought. The City's open spaces and public realm must be designed to cope with this. For more information see the City's Public Realm pages.

Green wall in the City

​Urban Heat Island

City environments can be up to 10 degrees Celsius hotter than surrounding countryside as buildings absorb and retain heat. Green roofs and green walls can help to combat this.

27 March 2012
Last Modified:
24 February 2020
Janet Laban