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Insect hotel at Bunhill Fields Burial Ground

What is Biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the term used to describe the variety of life on Earth. This includes animals, plants and fungi as well as recognisable wildlife such as birds, mammals and insects. The habitats are the places they live and how they interact with their surroundings as part of the ecosystem. Conserving biodiversity involves restoring and enhancing species populations and habitats as well as implementing measures to promote them in the future. The value of biodiversity extends beyond habitat and species with the benefits extending to a range of economic, social and intrinsic values.

Biodiversity in the City

There are approximately 376 open spaces totalling 32 hectares in the City of London that include parks, gardens, churchyards and plazas. Approximately 80% of the sites are less than 0.2ha in size. Together these small, high quality and intensively used open spaces are highly valued by all and offer an important resource for biodiversity in the Square Mile. There is also an increasingly important resource for biodiversity at roof top level with the addition of green roofs and roof terraces.

Biodiversity Action Plan

Download the City of London Biodiversity Action Plan 2016-2020 (3MB)

The aim of the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) is to produce a set of objectives and actions to support the wider City community in delivering strategically planned biodiversity networks for both the City and Greater London, taking into consideration both local and national priorities.

The BAP will be delivered under the following themes:

Open space and habitat management

​Aim: to protect and enhance habitats and species in the City of London.

Enable both the City Corporation and privately owned and managed land in the Square Mile to be maintained and enhanced for biodiversity.

The built environment

​Aim: to improve green infrastructure in the built environment.

Enable biodiversity to be incorporated into the built environment to enhance and connect green spaces.

Education and community engagement

​Aim: to promote a greater understanding of the City's biodiversity.

Identify and encourage best practice amongst private landowners and managers as well as develop the skills of residents, City workers, school children and students through events, activities and volunteering opportunities.

Data collection, surveys and monitoring

Aim: to improve monitoring and data on biodiversity in the City of London.

Establish a structured approach to surveying and monitoring of sites to inform on-going management decisions and identify future areas of priority. This includes professional ecology surveys, citizen science opportunities and records collected by individuals.

11 August 2016
Last Modified:
13 August 2019